Department of Cultural Affairs, Government of Kerala


Tirunelly Cheppedukal

The Tirunelly Cheppedukal were discovered from the Tirunelly temple. They were issued on the 37th year of the rule of Kulasekhara Perumal Bhaskara Ravivarma Manukuladityan. There are twenty-seven lines on the copper plate which is 8.75 inches in length and 2.50 inches in width.

It is about the donation of "keezhkattipozhancherikkal" a "cherikkal" land (meaning ruler's land) for the thiruvamuthin and vadavilaku rituals of Veerakurumburayar temple by Kurumpurainadu ruler Kunjikuttavarman Adikal.

The executors and witnesses mentioned in the deed are  Moothakkuttil Ezhunnoottavar, Paniyudayanayan, Ooru, Moothakoorinte Nizhalum Paniyum, Nadu, Edavaka, Prakrithi and Vellalar. Nizhalum Paniyum are the followers of the ruler. The Vellalar would have been his karanmakkaar.

There are differing opinions that the inscription date back to AD 1005 or AD 1008.

Another of the Tirunelly inscription was issued on the fourty-sixth year of the rule of Bhaskara Ravivarma. Some estimate the period of this inscription as AD 1014, 1017. According to Elamkulam Kunjan Pillai, the inscription was made in March 1, AD 1021.

It is about the conditions for the pooja of Tirunelly Perumal (the presiding deity of the Tirunelly temple) fixed by Sankaran Kothavarma Adikal, the ruler of Purakizhanadu, his followers and officials. The executors of the deed are aanuttavar and ayyayiravar of Purakizhanadu. It is said that those violating the conditions will be penalised as per the Moozhikkulam Kacham.

The Tirunelly cheppedukal are proof for the advent of agri-rural system in the regions of Wayanad during the reign of the Kulasekharas.


Cultural News