Department of Cultural Affairs, Government of Kerala


Vadakkumnatha temple inscription

The twelfth century inscription at Vadakkumnatha temple, Thrissur, refers to the "Kottuvayiravelikkacham".

The Kottuvayiravelikkacham, a proof for the Brahmin dominance over the society, says about the responsibilities and rights of the temple staff and tenants under the temple. This is the lone "kacham" found in the state which mentions the rules governing the rights of tenants.


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